EU regulations provide that all existing bilateral social security agreements will be replaced by these regulations as soon as EU regulations apply to these countries. Over the years, a number of EU regulations have looked at the coordination of social security systems. The current EU regulations, i.e. Regulation (EC) No. 883 of 2004 relating to the coordination of social security systems and Regulation (EC) 987 2010 relating to the procedure for the application of Regulation (EC) No. 883 of 2004, which came into force on 1 May 2010 and replaced Regulation (EC) No. 1408 of 1971 and Regulation (EC) No. 574 of 1972. Several bilateral agreements were concluded between Ireland and the United Kingdom, the first of which were concluded before Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973. These previous bilateral agreements were consolidated in the new agreement, which came into force on 1 October 2007, and this agreement applies mainly to people who have worked in parts of the UNITED Kingdom who are not part of the EU, namely the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Herm and Jethou).
However, if there are less than 52 Irish contributions paid or credited since the date of entry under Irish law, no pension is payable. In agreements with Australia, Austria, Canada, the Republic of Korea, Quebec and the United Kingdom (as under EU law) in which less than 52 contributions are paid in the other country and where no pension is granted by that country, the Irish pension is granted on the sum of the two insurance documents without the application of the proportional rule. The insured person on the basis of which the law is based must have been used in Ireland for a bilateral agreement for at least one week in order for a bilateral agreement to be implemented and to have at least 52 predictable weeks in accordance with Irish law (except in the case of Guardian`s Payment). As with bilateral social security agreements in general (excluding EU provisions), this agreement, as it is, applies only to Irish and British citizens. It would not apply to third-country nationals, with the exception of some limited cases, such as refugees, who are either in Ireland or the United Kingdom. The agreement began on April 1, 1992. This agreement was updated and replaced by a new agreement that began on 1 January 2006. If you are entitled to social security benefits from both the United States and Ireland and you do not need the agreement to qualify for these benefits, the amount of your benefit in the United States may be reduced. It is the result of a provision of U.S. law that can influence how your benefit is determined if you also receive a pension based on work that has not been covered by the United States.